Malaysian Pilots' Medical Requirements!

Aviation medicine, commonly referred to as flight medicine or aerospace medicine, is a branch of occupational or preventative medicine that treats those who work in or are affected by flights, such as passengers and cabin staff. We've gathered all the crucial information from the CAAM website that pilots need to be aware of.

Medical Standards and Certificates

There are several alternatives available for the sort of aircraft that you may desire to fly, depending on the type of flying you intend to undertake and your overall level of fitness. In Malaysia, there are three classes for medical certificates: class 1, class 2, and class 3. Assessment is the determination of a person's medical fitness based on the evaluation of their medical history as specified in these Directives and any additional testing that may be required, including but not limited to ECGs, blood pressure readings, blood tests, X-rays, and specialist reports.

An airline transport pilot license (ATPL), a multi-crew pilot license (MPL), or a commercial pilot license (CPL) must be in possession of a Class 1 medical certificate.

An applicant shouldn't have any pathological conditions that are actively preventing them from safely exercising their rights under the appropriate license(s), whether they are inherited or acquired, acute or chronic, or if they are the result of eye surgery or trauma.

The most frequent reason for difficulties throughout the exam is poor eyesight.

Distance Vision: With or without glasses or contact lenses (correction), your visual acuity must be at least 6/9 in each eye independently and 6/6 when you combine the two. This test measures your ability to see lines of letters on a chart at a distance of 6 meters.

Near Vision - You must be able to read the N5 print between 30 and 50 cm and the N14 print at 100 cm on the standard near vision eye chart, with or without correction.

Contact lenses are permitted for professional pilots, however, they must be mono-focal, untinted, and for distance vision only (nearsightedness is not corrected). Bring any contact lenses you may have with you to the test.

Eye surgery – Should be informed

Color Vision – Should be in optimum condition

Eye Function – You must have normal fields of vision. You must not suffer from double vision.

Hearing: Initial candidates must not have a hearing loss of more than 35 dB at any of the frequencies 500, 1 000, or 2 000 Hz, or more than 50 dB at 3000 Hz, in either ear independently, when tested on a pure-tone audiometer. Greater hearing loss applicants for revalidation or renewal must show a good level of functional hearing.

This finger-prick blood test, known as a whole blood test and pressure, assesses the blood's ability to transport oxygen. Anemia is characterized by low hemoglobin levels and requires additional research. It should be within the typical range for pressure.

Chest X-ray: Although not necessary for DCA Class 1, it could be necessary under certain clinical or epidemiological circumstances.

Urine test – Mainly looking for sugar (diabetes), protein, or blood.

Electrocardiogram – To check any abnormalities in your heart

For a detailed description of the Medical Requirements for Flight Crew Licencing please see FOD-Medical-4.4.17 ( DCA)


Lightweight aircraft certified by EASA (PPL)
A Class 2 medical certificate issued by an aeromedical examiner (AME) that is globally recognized is required in order to fly EASA aircraft (such as the Cessna 152 or Piper PA28) on an EU Part-FCL Private Pilot's Licence (PPL).

Class 2 Medical Assessment which is applicable to applicants for, and
holders of:

(i) flight navigator license;
(ii) flight engineer license;
(iii) PPL (airplane, airship, helicopter, and powered-lift); and
(iv) BPL.

Class 2 medical certificates are valid for the following durations: If the aircrew member is between the ages of 40 and 1 day and 50 and 1 day on the date the medical certificate is issued or, as applicable, on the date his prior medical certificate expires,

SPL For CPL – 12 Months
SPL For PPL – 24 Months

Until the aircrew member turns 51 years old, a medical certificate issued before the age of 50 years and one day is valid.

If the individual member of the aircrew is 50 years old or older on the day the medical certificate is issued, or, if his prior medical certificate expired on that day, whichever comes first, 12 months.

Close this box